The first 6 months of 2022 were dreadful for financial markets.
In fact, you could argue we just lived through one of the worst 6 month periods EVER for stocks and bonds.
This isn’t hyperbole. The data backs it up.
Here’s a look at the rolling six month returns1 for the S&P 500 going back to 1926:
The period ending June 30, 2022 ranks in the worst 3% of all 6 month returns since 1926.
The only 6 month performance numbers that were worse than what we just lived through occurred during the Great Depression, 1937 crash, WWII, 1970s bear market, bursting of the dot-com bubble and 2008 crash.
That’s a who’s who of terrible, no good returns.
Adding insult to injury, bonds had one of their worst 6 month runs as well. Through June, 5 year treasuries were down 6.4% on the year. The -7.4% return on 5 year government bonds through May 31, 2022 was the second-worst 6 month return ever (only topped by the 8% loss in early 1980).
So it would make sense that a 60/40 portfolio of U.S. stocks and U.S. bonds also had one of its worst 6 month stretches of all time:
The 6 month returns for a 60/40 portfolio were in the bottom 2% of rolling returns going back to 1926.
This means 98% of the time, returns have been better than what we just lived through.
It was also just the 4th time over the past 100 years or so that stocks and bonds were down two quarters in a row at the same time.
The last time U.S. stocks and intermediate-term bonds were both down two quarters in a row occurred in the first two 3 month periods in 1974.
Inflation was doubled-digits back then so both of these time frames had an even worse experience on a real return basis.
This rare double-dip for stocks and bonds also took place in 1969.2 The only time I could find that saw stocks and bonds both down for three quarters in a row was in the last 9 months of 1931.3
It’s never happened four times in a row for both simultaneously. Hopefully we don’t go setting any new records this year.
I could offer a pep talk here but it wouldn’t do much good. Simply surviving is a worthy goal when things go this badly in the markets.
There are plenty of companies and investors that have blown themselves up these past few months that didn’t survive this bear market.
It’s no fun to lose money but there are some silver linings here.
If you’re making contributions to a 401(k) or IRA on a periodic basis you can now buy the stock market at prices that are 20-30% lower than they were just 6 months ago.
You can also earn around 3% on intermediate-term U.S. government bonds instead of the 0.4% to 0.9% you could earn just 18 months ago.
No one wants to hear this right now but expected returns are now higher than they were before coming into the year. We just had to go through some losses to get to this place.
The other positive is you don’t have to listen to people brag about how easy it is to get rich anymore. That has to count for something, right?
I hate to be that guy, but 6 months is also a short period of time in the grand scheme of things. If 6 months is going to make or break your investment plan, it wasn’t a very good plan to begin with.
If you’ve only been investing for a short time, this is a good initiation into the way markets work sometimes. Down markets are a good thing if you’re going to be a net saver for more than the next few years or so.
Lots of people think bull markets are how you get rich but true wealth is built during bear markets, especially when you’re young.
And if you’ve been invested for the past 5-10 years or more the gains you’ve made (assuming you stayed invested) have more than made up for the current losses.
That doesn’t mean the current losses don’t sting but you can’t expect markets to go up and to the right every year without fail.
I don’t know what the next 6 months or even 6 years will bring in the financial markets.
There could be more pain ahead or markets that go nowhere or who knows what else.
There’s no such thing as ‘always’ or ‘never’ when it comes to the markets but I feel strongly that investing in the midst of awful stock and bond returns will be a good idea over the long run.
Risk and reward are inextricably linked at the hip.
You cannot earn decent long-term returns without experiencing periods of excruciating losses from time to time.
The past 6 months were one of those times.
I for one am excited to be putting new money to work at much lower prices.
Is the 60/40 Really Dead This Time?
1I used monthly total returns for all of the performance data here.
2The 1969 episode wasn’t all that bad in terms of magnitude. Stocks were down less than 7% while bonds fell a little more than 3%.
3The stock market was down almost 50% over these 9 months. Bonds declined more than 3% so this was more about stocks than fixed income.