Why It’s So Hard to Change Your Mind About the Markets

“I’m only rich because I know when I’m wrong. I basically have survived by recognizing my mistakes.” – George Soros

One of the worst things about the markets is the fact investors get instant feedback on their decisions. Any time you make a purchase or a sale you can check up-to-the-minute price quotes to see if the security or fund in question rose or fell.

The scoreboard is right there for everyone to see, five days a week for six and a half hours a day when the markets are open. Using the daily market scoreboard to judge your own intelligence can be dangerous. Sometimes you’re right about the market’s direction, but for the wrong reasons. Other times you get lucky. Most of the time there’s really no reasoning behind the short-term moves in your investments or the overall market and it’s just noise.

The market is a terrible place to go looking for reassurance because most of the time it’s lying to you. You can have a wonderful process in place and still be wrong quite often. Or you can have a terrible process (or none at all) and still be proven right according to your profit and loss statement.

Then there are those investors that think they’re right no matter what the market does. They become 100% certain about their position and block out every argument to the contrary. If the markets move against them, instead of some introspection on their current stance, they dig in their heels. With this mindset you begin to believe that everyone else must be crazy for not viewing the markets through your lens. You look for outside forces to blame when things don’t go your way. Then when the markets finally align with your investment stance and lead to profits, the assumption is that the price action  finally proves how smart you are. The overconfidence only grows with each tick in the right direction.

This line of thinking is problematic because it leads investors to take the markets personally, a position you never want to find yourself in if you want to make clear-headed decisions. No one’s right all the time. If you’re not willing to admit to the possibility that maybe you’ve made a mistake or gotten lucky, then you’re going to have a difficult time making money in the markets. No one is invincible or infallible.

Legendary hedge fund manager Ray Dalio penned a column for Institutional Investor this past week on the benefits of seeking out the other side of the argument and admitting when you’re wrong. Dalio was convinced the U.S. was heading for a depression in the 1980s based on the economic conditions and Fed policy at the time. Here are the lessons he learned when he was proven wrong:

This episode taught me the importance of always fearing being wrong, no matter how confident I am that I’m right. As a result, I began seeking out the smartest people I could find who disagreed with me so I could understand their reasoning. Only after I fully grasped their points of view could I decide to reject or accept them. By doing this again and again over the years, not only have I increased my chances of being right, but I have also learned a huge amount.

Being able to see both sides of an issue, even if it pains you, is important in all aspects of life, but especially in the markets where intelligent people are wrong all the time. With so much information available today it’s not very difficult to continually feed your confirmation bias once you’ve made up your mind.

This is why I generally prefer the path of strong beliefs, weakly held. I can’t even begin to count the number of times I’ve come across new research, opinions or evidence that have forced me to re-think my previously held views. At times I’m amazed at the stupidly and naïveté of my past self’s opinions on certain topics.

But being able to look back on the evolution of my thoughts and ideas is helpful in showing me that I need to be continually learning to improve and stay sharp.

Bridgewater’s Ray Dalio Explains the Power of Not Knowing (Institutional Investor)

Further Reading:
The Value of I Don’t Know
Don’t Take This Personally
Perma Arguments



This content, which contains security-related opinions and/or information, is provided for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon in any manner as professional advice, or an endorsement of any practices, products or services. There can be no guarantees or assurances that the views expressed here will be applicable for any particular facts or circumstances, and should not be relied upon in any manner. You should consult your own advisers as to legal, business, tax, and other related matters concerning any investment.

The commentary in this “post” (including any related blog, podcasts, videos, and social media) reflects the personal opinions, viewpoints, and analyses of the Ritholtz Wealth Management employees providing such comments, and should not be regarded the views of Ritholtz Wealth Management LLC. or its respective affiliates or as a description of advisory services provided by Ritholtz Wealth Management or performance returns of any Ritholtz Wealth Management Investments client.

References to any securities or digital assets, or performance data, are for illustrative purposes only and do not constitute an investment recommendation or offer to provide investment advisory services. Charts and graphs provided within are for informational purposes solely and should not be relied upon when making any investment decision. Past performance is not indicative of future results. The content speaks only as of the date indicated. Any projections, estimates, forecasts, targets, prospects, and/or opinions expressed in these materials are subject to change without notice and may differ or be contrary to opinions expressed by others.

The Compound Media, Inc., an affiliate of Ritholtz Wealth Management, receives payment from various entities for advertisements in affiliated podcasts, blogs and emails. Inclusion of such advertisements does not constitute or imply endorsement, sponsorship or recommendation thereof, or any affiliation therewith, by the Content Creator or by Ritholtz Wealth Management or any of its employees. Investments in securities involve the risk of loss. For additional advertisement disclaimers see here: https://www.ritholtzwealth.com/advertising-disclaimers

Please see disclosures here.

What's been said:

Discussions found on the web
  1. innerscorecard commented on Mar 08

    There’s an interesting tension here. The strongest sense one gets from many successful traders (including Dalio) in books like Hedge Fund Market Wizards is that they are experimental scientists testing hypotheses. if their hypotheses are wrong, they must reverse course immediately, so that they do not compound their errors. Because their time horizon is often so short, so that they are in fact trying to make money from pricfe fluctuations, for them, price is in fact an appropriate indicator as to whether they are right or not.

    On the other hand, long-term investors, especially individual investors that are asset allocators rather than securities selectors, hurt themselves if they try to take a similar approach, as long-term investing means sticking to a given process (a given hypotheses) that one supposedly is sure is correct, and then not altering that.

    It seems extremely dangerous to combine the two and even worse, to not know about these two paths. But obviously, that’s exact what most people do!

    • Ben commented on Mar 09

      Agreed. This is something I’ve thought about a lot too. Certain types of investors need to be flexible or their strategies just aren’t going to work. Other investors, as you point out, should stay fairly rigid with their plan over time. This is why defining yourself and your philosophy is so important.

      An important point that it often overlooked.

  2. Monday Morning Links | timiacono.com commented on Mar 09

    […] data sparks rate concern – AP Apple Watch potential time bomb for investors – USA Today Why It’s So Hard to Change Your Mind About the Markets – AWOCS U.S. Investors Apt to “Ride Out” Stock Market Volatility – Gallup […]

  3. Financial-Fitness commented on Mar 09

    When I see an interesting investment, I force myself to consider 5-10 reasons why I should NOT make the investmemt. If I can satisfy those objections, then (maybe) it’s worthwhile.

    • Ben commented on Mar 09

      Good one. I’ve seen many investors that have actual checklists they force themselves to go through to make sure they look at every angle so they’re not glossing over possible problems. It’s even harder to see the other side after you’ve made a purchase.